Mohammad Faisal I am a full-stack software engineer working with the MERN stack. Also, I am a blogger in my free time and love to write about various technical topics.

How to use Redux in Next.js

5 min read 1479

Redux is one of the most popular state management solutions in the React ecosystem. Nowadays, there are plenty of alternatives, but Redux is still the most trusted and widely used tool.

For this reason, many projects that use Next.js want to take advantage of Redux as well. But using Redux in a Next application has a few catches, and the setup is not always straightforward. That’s why this article will walk you through how we can set up a Next project with Redux.

Contents

Why should you use Redux with Next.js?

There are a lot of reasons why you might want to use Redux in a Next application. Let’s take a look at some of them.

Sharing state

Usually, a central state is used to manage the shared data between the components in a tree. In React, data flows only downwards, which means you can pass data from the parent component to a child component.

This limitation sometimes makes things hard, because the components might not be close in the component tree, and there might not even be a parent-child path.

In this case, using a common store that wraps all the components makes total sense, and you might consider Redux.

Redux is very powerful

Redux is very powerful as a state management solution. It’s been around for a while, so it has excellent community support.

If you are building something serious and unsure which use-cases might appear in the future, more likely than not, Redux will have a solution for you. While nothing is completely future-proof, Redux is a safe bet for long-term projects.

Everybody knows Redux

In many projects, speed is often a priority. Many React developers are already familiar with Redux, and companies often want to use the same tool across all of the projects if possible.

This means even if you are working in a company that is building a new project in Next, you might be forced to use Redux anyway, so it’s a good idea to learn how to use it based on popularity alone.

Building a sample app with Next.js and Redux

Today we will build a simple application that tracks if a user is logged in or not, then based on the state, changes the text above the button.



Sample app login button
Sample app logout button

The purpose of this project is to demonstrate how to use Redux, so I am keeping things simple here so that we can focus on the Redux integration with the Next. Going forward, we have two options. We can use plain Redux, or we can use Redux Toolkit.

Redux is being used in many legacy projects, but Redux Toolkit is recommended, as it reduces a lot of boilerplate code and has improved performance. However the setups are almost the same for both of these.

Let’s create the starter project by running the following command:

yarn create next-app --typescript

You can see the project in action by running yarn dev and visiting http://localhost:3000/ on your browser.

Installing the dependencies

Let’s install the required dependencies for Redux Toolkit:

yarn add @reduxjs/toolkit react-redux

As we are using Next, we will need an additional package to take care of our server-side rendering:

yarn add next-redux-wrapper

Creating the slice

Let’s create a new folder called store and create a file named authSlice.ts inside it. The official documentation defines a slice as: “a collection of Redux reducer logic and actions for a single feature in your app.”

We will put the logic for our authState inside of this authSlice.ts file:

import { createSlice } from "@reduxjs/toolkit";
import { AppState } from "./store";
import { HYDRATE } from "next-redux-wrapper";

// Type for our state
export interface AuthState {
  authState: boolean;
}

// Initial state
const initialState: AuthState = {
  authState: false,
};

// Actual Slice
export const authSlice = createSlice({
  name: "auth",
  initialState,
  reducers: {

    // Action to set the authentication status
    setAuthState(state, action) {
      state.authState = action.payload;
    },

    // Special reducer for hydrating the state. Special case for next-redux-wrapper
    extraReducers: {
      [HYDRATE]: (state, action) => {
        return {
          ...state,
          ...action.payload.auth,
        };
      },
    },

  },
});

export const { setAuthState } = authSlice.actions;

export const selectAuthState = (state: AppState) => state.auth.authState;

export default authSlice.reducer;

This is a straightforward slice. A slice for any normal React application using Redux will be just like this. There is nothing special for Next yet.

The only thing we are doing here is defining the authState in our store and creating the action for setting the authState named setAuthState.

In line 27, you will notice there is a special reducer that we are adding here called HYDRATE. The HYDRATE action handler must properly reconcile the hydrated state on top of the existing state (if any).

Basically, when any page refresh occurs, if you navigate from one page to another page, or the getStaticProps or the getServerSideProps functions are called, a HYDRATE action will be dispatched at that moment. The payload of this action will contain the state at the moment of static generation or server-side rendering, so your reducer must merge it with the existing client state properly.

Creating the store

Next, create a file named store.ts to create the store, and add our authSlice there:

import { configureStore, ThunkAction, Action } from "@reduxjs/toolkit";
import { authSlice } from "./authSlice";
import { createWrapper } from "next-redux-wrapper";

const makeStore = () =>
  configureStore({
    reducer: {
      [authSlice.name]: authSlice.reducer,
    },
    devTools: true,
  });

export type AppStore = ReturnType<typeof makeStore>;
export type AppState = ReturnType<AppStore["getState"]>;
export type AppThunk<ReturnType = void> = ThunkAction<
  ReturnType,
  AppState,
  unknown,
  Action
>;

export const wrapper = createWrapper<AppStore>(makeStore);

Notice on line 22 where we export a special wrapper function. This wrapper eliminates the need for a Provider that we would use in a normal React application.

Updating the app

We have to do one last thing to finish setting up our Redux architecture. Open the _app.tsx file and wrap our component like so:

import "../styles/globals.css";
import type { AppProps } from "next/app";
import { wrapper } from "../store/store";

function MyApp({ Component, pageProps }: AppProps) {
  return <Component {...pageProps} />;
}

export default wrapper.withRedux(MyApp);

Notice at line 9 that we are wrapping our component with withRedux. We can wrap the individual pages as well, but that is not recommended; when we navigate from one page to another, if that particular page is not wrapped, it will crash.

Using the Redux store

Our Redux setup is complete! Let’s use our Redux store inside the index.tsx page like so:

import type { NextPage } from "next";
import { selectAuthState, setAuthState } from "../store/authSlice";
import { useDispatch, useSelector } from "react-redux";

const Home: NextPage = () => {
  const authState = useSelector(selectAuthState);
  const dispatch = useDispatch();
  return (
    <div>
      <div>{authState ? "Logged in" : "Not Logged In"}</div>
      <button
        onClick={() =>
          authState
            ? dispatch(setAuthState(false))
            : dispatch(setAuthState(true))
        }
      >
        {authState ? "Logout" : "LogIn"}
      </button>
    </div>
  );
};

export default Home;

Any Redux store has two main purposes: reading and updating.

On line 6, you can see we are reading the state using the useSelector function provided by react-redux.


More great articles from LogRocket:


We have a button where we can toggle the authState, and based on this, we are changing the text on the button.

Persisting the state in Next.js

Now we have successfully set up our Redux store. You can verify it by clicking the button, which will dispatch actions based on the current state and update the store, which will eventually change the state.

But if you refresh your page, you will see that the state doesn’t persist. This is because in Next, each page is rendered on demand, which means when you navigate from one page to another, the previous state will be gone.

For this case, if the user is logged in, then whenever you switch to another page, the user will be logged out automatically as the initial authState is defined as false.

To resolve this issue, we will take advantage of the wrapper function that we created earlier and use Next’s special function getServerSideProps, as this will get called each time the page loads.

Let’s add the following code into our index.tsx file:

export const getServerSideProps = wrapper.getServerSideProps(
  (store) =>
    async ({ params }) => {
      // we can set the initial state from here
      // we are setting to false but you can run your custom logic here
      await store.dispatch(setAuthState(false)); 
      console.log("State on server", store.getState());
      return {
        props: {
          authState: false,
        },
      };
    }
);

We are generating the initial state inside the getServerSideProps function here so even if you refresh the page you will see that the state values remain the same.

Conclusion

That’s how you can integrate Redux with a Next application! You can find the GitHub repository for this project here. I would also encourage you to review the documentation of next-redux-wrapper to learn more about other use cases.

Have a great day!

LogRocket: Full visibility into production Next.js apps

Debugging Next applications can be difficult, especially when users experience issues that are difficult to reproduce. If you’re interested in monitoring and tracking state, automatically surfacing JavaScript errors, and tracking slow network requests and component load time, try LogRocket.

LogRocket is like a DVR for web and mobile apps, recording literally everything that happens on your Next.js app. Instead of guessing why problems happen, you can aggregate and report on what state your application was in when an issue occurred. LogRocket also monitors your app's performance, reporting with metrics like client CPU load, client memory usage, and more.

The LogRocket Redux middleware package adds an extra layer of visibility into your user sessions. LogRocket logs all actions and state from your Redux stores.

Modernize how you debug your Next.js apps — .

Mohammad Faisal I am a full-stack software engineer working with the MERN stack. Also, I am a blogger in my free time and love to write about various technical topics.

5 Replies to “How to use Redux in Next.js”

  1. I really like this tutorial and I am very grateful for it. But I have one question. I have a lot of pages, how can I maintain a state on every page? In your example you are using SSR, but do I need to invoke it on every page? It would be perfect to use it on layout component or something. Do you have any idea how to do it?

  2. What am I missing? I followed your article carefully and the state does not persist in the browser. I’ using the latest version of Chrome. I even downloaded your repo, added the node_modules, but even your own repo does not retain the state. I checked my code against your repo code also. What am I missing?

  3. It took me a while to figure out, but it looks like extraReducers should be moved outside of the reducers object in the authSlice.ts file

Leave a Reply