Yusuff Faruq Frontend web developer and anime lover from Nigeria.

Getting started with react-redux-firebase

8 min read 2368

Getting Started With React-Redux-Firebase

As you might already know, Firebase is a popular BaaS (backend-as-a-service), which allows web and mobile developers to implement common backend tasks like user authentication, storage, and creating databases.

Redux, on the other hand, is a predictable state container for JavaScript applications and is used to manage application state more efficiently. It is popularly used with React, a component-based UI library.

react-redux-firebase is a library that provides Redux bindings for Firebase, thereby making it easier to use Firebase with Redux and React. It also comes with some Hooks to make it easier to implement some Firebase functionality.

In this article, we will learn how to use react-redux-firebase to build a simple to-do app with Firebase’s Cloud Firestore, and we’ll add user authentication while we’re at it.

Prerequisites

There are some things you need to know beforehand for you to follow along with this article:

  • You must understand React, preferably to an intermediate level
  • You must have some knowledge of react-redux
  • Basic knowledge of Firebase (Firestore and authentication)
  • Very basic knowledge of React Router

Setting up

Firstly, create a new React Project:

npx create-react-app overcomplicated-todo-app

Now, install the following dependencies:

  • Redux
  • react-redux
  • Firebase
  • react-redux-firebase
  • redux-firestore
  • react-router-dom

Run these commands in your terminal to install these dependencies:

npm install --save react-redux-firebase firebase
npm install --save redux react-redux
npm install --save redux-firestore@latest
npm install react-router-dom

Once the dependencies have been installed, we need to set up Firebase.

Setting up Firebase

Go to the Firebase website and click on the Get started button. You will be taken to a page where you can create a new project. Once you are done, you should be taken to a dashboard page similar to the image below.

We made a custom demo for .
No really. Click here to check it out.

The Firebase Get Started Page

We will be using two Firebase services for this project: the Authentication service and the Cloud Firestore service. Let’s set up Cloud Firestore first.

Select the Database option from the side menu. You should now be able to choose either of the two database services that Firebase provides: Cloud Firestore or the Realtime Database. In this article, we will use Cloud Firestore.

Cloud Firestore Page

Now create a Cloud Firestore database. You should now see a modal for setting the security rules of your database. Choose Start in test mode. You should have an empty database ready for use. It should look like this:

Empty Database Page

Now that we have our database ready, let’s set up authentication. From the side menu, select the Authentication option. Now, select the Sign-in method tab. You should have something like this:

Sign-in Method Page

Here, you can set up authentication for different providers, including Google, Facebook, and GitHub. In our app, we want to enable Google authentication and email/password authentication. Let’s set up Google authentication first, so click on the Google option.

Google Authentication Setup Page

You can now enable Google authentication by toggling the button in the upper right-hand side. You also need to provide a project support email.

Now that Cloud Firestore and authentication have been set up, we need to get our project’s configuration details. We need this to link our code to our Firebase project.

To get our Firebase configuration details, go back to the project overview page and add a web app to the Firebase project. After registering the app, you should get the configuration details in the form of a JavaScript object:

const firebaseConfig = {
  apiKey: 'AIzaXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX',
  authDomain: 'test-XXXX.firebaseapp.com',
  databaseURL: 'https://test-XXXXXX.firebaseio.com',
  projectId: 'test-XXXX',
  storageBucket: 'test-XXXX.appspot.com',
  messagingSenderId: 'XXXXXXX',
  appId: "XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX"
};

Now open your index.js file and initialize your Firebase project there. We also need to initialize Firestore:

import firebase from "firebase/app";
import "firebase/auth";
import "firebase/firestore";

const firebaseConfig = {
  ...firebaseConfigurationDetails
};

firebase.initializeApp(firebaseConfig);
firebase.firestore();

Note that if you are creating a product that will depend on Firebase, it’s generally more secure to store your Firebase configuration details as environment variables.

Getting into the code

Now it’s time to get into the code writing. This is the project structure:

Our Project Structure

You can choose to structure your project however you like, but this is what works for me.

As you can see, we have a file for our reducers called reducers.js. This is where we will combine our reducers into one and export it as the root reducer for our Redux store.

For our project to work, we need two more reducers besides those we create ourselves (in this case, none). These are firebaseReducer from react-redux-firebase and firestoreReducer from redux-firestore. If you’re using the same project structure as I am, your reducers.js should look like this:

import {combineReducers} from "redux";
import {firebaseReducer} from "react-redux-firebase";
import {firestoreReducer} from "redux-firestore";
export const rootReducer = combineReducers({
    firebase: firebaseReducer,
    firestore: firestoreReducer
});

Now, open the index.js file so we can fully set up react-redux-firebase.

First, let’s write out our configuration for react-redux-firebase (RRF). For that, we will create an object called rrfConfig. RRF stores authenticated users’ data in either Cloud Firestore or in Firebase’s Realtime Database, whichever you choose to use.

In rrfConfig, we can decide the name of the collection or object literal in which to store this data. Let’s call our collection users. Also, since we want to use Cloud Firestore to store the users’ data, we have to set the useFirestoreForProfile property to true. Our rrfConfig should now look like this:

const rrfConfig = {
  userProfile: "users",
  useFirestoreForProfile: true,
};

As is common with apps using Redux, we have to create a Redux store to hold our app state. This store takes the root reducer and the initial state as arguments. Now, we have to import the Provider component, the ReactReduxFirebaseProvider component and the BrowserRouter component from react-redux, react-redux-firebase, and react-router-dom, respectively.

These components will wrap the App component. We now have to define the props for ReactReduxFirebaseProvider, which we will write as an object and spread out appropriately later. Our index.js file should now look like this:

import React from "react";
import ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import firebase from "firebase/app";
import "firebase/auth";
import "firebase/firestore";
import { createStore } from "redux";
import { Provider } from "react-redux";
import { ReactReduxFirebaseProvider } from "react-redux-firebase";
import { createFirestoreInstance } from "redux-firestore";
import { rootReducer } from "./ducks/reducers";
import App from "./App";
import { BrowserRouter } from "react-router-dom";

const firebaseConfig = {
  ...firebaseConfigurationDetails
};

const rrfConfig = {
  userProfile: "users",
  useFirestoreForProfile: true,
};

firebase.initializeApp(firebaseConfig);
firebase.firestore();

const initialState = {};
const store = createStore(rootReducer, initialState);

const rrfProps = {
  firebase,
  config: rrfConfig,
  dispatch: store.dispatch,
  createFirestoreInstance, //since we are using Firestore
};

ReactDOM.render(
  <React.StrictMode>
    <Provider store={store}>
      <ReactReduxFirebaseProvider {...rrfProps}>
        <BrowserRouter>
          <App />
        </BrowserRouter>
      </ReactReduxFirebaseProvider>
    </Provider>
  </React.StrictMode>,
  document.getElementById("root")
);

Now that we’ve set up RRF, I would like to list the various components and routes and define their functions.

  • The AddTodo component allows a user to add a new to-do item
  • The PrivateRoute component prevents its child components from being accessed by unauthenticated users
  • The TodoItem component defines the appearance and functionality of each to-do item
  • The SignIn route allows the user to sign in with Google
  • The Todos route displays the list of to-do items for the authenticated user

Building our components and routes

The SignIn route

As we discussed above, this is where the user will sign in using Google. We will use the useFirebase Hook, which RRF provides a firebase object. With this, we can implement some basic Firebase functionality, such as pushing to a database and logging in with a different auth providers.

We will use the login method of this object to implement the Google sign-in functionality. This method will take, as an argument, an object in which the provider and method of signing in will be defined.

We will use the useHistory Hook from react-router to programmatically navigate to the todos route after the user has been logged in. Your SignIn component should be very similar to this:

import React from "react";
import { useFirebase } from "react-redux-firebase";
import { useHistory } from "react-router-dom";
const SignIn = () => {
  const firebase = useFirebase();
  const history = useHistory();

  const signInWithGoogle = () => {
    firebase
      .login({
        provider: "google",
        type: "popup",
      })
      .then(() => {
        history.push("/todos");
      });
  };
  return (
    <div>
      <h1>Sign In</h1>
      <button
        onClick={(event) => {
          event.preventDefault();
          signInWithGoogle();
        }}
      >
        Sign In with Google
      </button>
    </div>
  );
};
export default SignIn;

The PrivateRoute component

This route will only render its component when a user has authenticated, so we need a way to determine whether a user has signed in. RRF has two functions we can use for this: isLoaded and isEmpty.

isLoaded checks whether the auth has been loaded, and we can use isEmpty to check whether the auth is empty. PrivateRoute will render a route component, which will in turn render its children if the user has signed in, and a redirect component from react-router if not.

Here’s what PrivateRoute should look like:

import React from "react";
import { Route, Redirect } from "react-router-dom";
import { isLoaded, isEmpty } from "react-redux-firebase";
import { useSelector } from "react-redux";
const PrivateRoute = ({ children, ...remainingProps }) => {
  const auth = useSelector(state => state.firebase.auth);
  return (
    <Route
      {...remainingProps}
      render={({ location }) =>
        isLoaded(auth) && !isEmpty(auth) ? (
          children
        ) : (
          <Redirect
            to={{
              pathname: "/",
              state: { from: location },
            }}
          />
        )
      }
    />
  );
};
export default PrivateRoute;

Notice that we used react-redux’s useSelector Hook to get the auth object. A selector is merely a function that takes in Redux state as an argument and returns data derived from that state.

The AddTodo component

Since RRF creates a document for each authenticated user in a users collection, we will create another collection called todos inside each user document. There, each to-do item can be stored as a document with its own unique ID.

If you’re unfamiliar with how documents, collections, etc. work in Firestore, you can check out the Firebase docs. We will use another RRF Hook called useFirestore, which returns a firestore object we can use to perform Firestore operations.

Each to-do item will contain three properties:

  • isDone – to indicate whether or not the to-do task has been accomplished
  • title – the title of the to-do item
  • todoID – a unique ID used to identify each to-do item

So after a new to-do item has been added, we will grab the ID assigned by Firebase to that item’s document and set it as the value for the to-do item’s todoID property. Here’s what AddTodo should look like:

import React, { useState } from "react";
import { useFirestore } from "react-redux-firebase";
import { useSelector } from "react-redux";
const AddTodo = () => {
  const [presentToDo, setPresentToDo] = useState("");
  const firestore = useFirestore();
  const { uid } = useSelector((state) => state.firebase.auth);
  const handleChange = ({ currentTarget: { name, value } }) => {
    if (name === "addTodo") {
      setPresentToDo(value);
    }
  };
  const addNewTodo = (todo) => {
    firestore
      .collection("users")
      .doc(uid)
      .collection("todos")
      .add({
        title: todo,
        isDone: false,
      })
      .then((docRef) => {
        docRef.update({
          todoID: docRef.id,
        });
      });
    setPresentToDo("");
  };
  return (
    <div>
      <form action="">
        <input
          type="text"
          name="addTodo"
          value={presentToDo}
          onChange={handleChange}
        />
        <button
          onClick={(event) => {
            event.preventDefault();
            addNewTodo(presentToDo);
          }}
        >
          Add Todo
        </button>
      </form>
    </div>
  );
};
export default AddTodo;

The TodoItem component

The TodoItem component consists of the to-do item’s title and a checkbox to indicate whether the to-do item task has been accomplished. When a user checks the checkbox, the todoItem is updated in Cloud Firestore. Your TodoItem component should look like this:

import React, { useState } from "react";
import { useFirestore } from "react-redux-firebase";
import { useSelector } from "react-redux";
const ToDoItem = ({ isDone, title, todoID }) => {
  const [isTodoItemDone, setTodoItemDone] = useState(isDone);
    const firestore = useFirestore();
    const {uid} = useSelector(state => state.firebase.auth);
  console.log(isTodoItemDone);
  const handleChange = (event) => {
    if (event.currentTarget.type === "checkbox") {
      setTodoItemDone(!isTodoItemDone);
      firestore.collection("users").doc(uid).collection("todos").doc(todoID).update({
          isDone: !isTodoItemDone
      })
    }
  };
  return (
    <div style={{
        textDecoration: isTodoItemDone && "line-through",
        opacity: isTodoItemDone ? 0.5 : 1,

    }}>
      <input
        type="checkbox"
        name=""
        id=""
        onChange={handleChange}
        checked={isTodoItemDone}
      />
      {title}
    </div>
  );
};
export default ToDoItem;

The Todos route

The Todos route displays the user’s name and a list of all the to-do items. To get all the to-do items, we will use a Hook called useFirestoreConnect, which takes an object as an argument, listens/unlistens to the provided Cloud Firestore path, and makes the data available in our Redux state. We can then access this data from the Redux state with the useSelector Hook.

Because we are listening to a subcollection, we have to use the storeAs property of the object we are passing to our useFirestoreConnect Hook. The object will then have a collection property whose value is the path of the collection we are listening for. The Todos route will also contain the AddTodo component. Below is the code for the Todos route:

import React from "react";
import { useSelector } from "react-redux";
import AddTodo from "../Components/AddTodo";
import { useFirestoreConnect } from "react-redux-firebase";
import ToDoItem from "../Components/TodoItem";
const Todos = () => {
  const { displayName, uid } = useSelector((state) => state.firebase.auth);
  useFirestoreConnect({
    collection: `users/${uid}/todos`,
    storeAs: "todos",
  });
  const todos = useSelector((state) => state.firestore.data.todos);
  console.log(todos);
  return (
    <div>
      <h3>Hello {displayName}</h3>
      <h4>Todos</h4>
      <AddTodo />
      <ul
        style={{
          listStyleType: "none",
        }}
      >
        {todos &&
          Object.values(todos).map((todo) => (
            <li>
              <ToDoItem
                title={todo.title}
                isDone={todo.isDone}
                todoID={todo.todoID}
              />
            </li>
          ))}
      </ul>
    </div>
  );
};
export default Todos;

Now we can piece all the components and routes together in our App.js file:

import React from 'react';
import PrivateRoute from "./UI/Components/PrivateRoute";
import Todos from "./UI/Routes/Todos";
import SignIn from "./UI/Routes/SignIn";
import {Switch, Route} from "react-router-dom";
function App() {
  return (
    <div style = {{
      textAlign: "center"
    }}>
      <h1>Redux Todo App</h1>
      <Switch>
        <PrivateRoute path = "/todos">
          <Todos />
        </PrivateRoute>
        <Route path = "/">
        <SignIn />
        </Route>
      </Switch>

    </div>
  );
}
export default App;

Conclusion

With that, we’re done! Users should be able to log in to add to-do items and check those to-do items once they have accomplished the task.

Note that in an actual app, you should set security rules to further ensure that users’ data are secure. If you would like to explore this library more, you can check out the documentation. You can find the repository for this project here and the live project here.

Full visibility into production React apps

Debugging React applications can be difficult, especially when users experience issues that are difficult to reproduce. If you’re interested in monitoring and tracking Redux state, automatically surfacing JavaScript errors, and tracking slow network requests and component load time, try LogRocket.

LogRocket is like a DVR for web apps, recording literally everything that happens on your React app. Instead of guessing why problems happen, you can aggregate and report on what state your application was in when an issue occurred. LogRocket also monitors your app's performance, reporting with metrics like client CPU load, client memory usage, and more.

The LogRocket Redux middleware package adds an extra layer of visibility into your user sessions. LogRocket logs all actions and state from your Redux stores.

Modernize how you debug your React apps — .

Yusuff Faruq Frontend web developer and anime lover from Nigeria.

One Reply to “Getting started with react-redux-firebase”

  1. how does your live app work? When i press the button it authenticated me but nothing happened

Leave a Reply