Emmanuel Etukudo I am a full-stack developer with more than five years of experience, with a preference for JavaScript, Node.js, Go, React, Redux, and MongoDB.

How to implement AdMob in React Native with Firebase

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Introduction

Web monetization has been around for decades now, and its popularity continues to gain momentum, especially as new technologies emerge on a daily basis. Aside from earning extra income with your website traffic, another way to earn money is through mobile app monetization via mobile ads.

Monetization on a mobile app is slightly different from website monetization, with the main difference in the placement and configurations of ads.

In this tutorial, I’ll show you how to generate extra income through ads by implementing Google AdMob in React Native. I’ll also demonstrate how AdMob works in React Native by building an example app to display different ads in the app using using Firebase and React Native Firebase.

Here’s what we’ll cover:

  • What is AdMob?
  • AdMob ad formats
  • Creating a Firebase app
  • Creating an AdMob account
  • React Native App with AdMob example
  • Displaying AdMob ads in React Native App
  • Breaking down the code

To follow along with this React Native styling tutorial, you should have:

  • Familiarity with CSS, HTML, and Javascript (ES6)
  • Node.js and Watchman installed on your development machine
  • iOS Simulator or Android Emulator for testing
  • A code editor installed in your development machine (e.g., VS Code)
  • A basic understanding of React and React Native

What is AdMob?

AdMob is a mobile advertising company by Google founded in 2016 by Omar Hamoui. The company empowers mobile app developers and companies to leverage mobile app advertising to increase their revenue.

AdMob ad formats

Even though it is exciting to make some extra money, understanding the right ad to display on your app is the key to sustainable monetization. Below are a list of AdMob ads and a description of where to display them.

  • Rewarded: Ads you can show to users in exchange for in-app rewards, e.g., more life, extra points, and game hints
  • Native: These are the typical ads that look and feel like they are part of your app
  • Banner: A rectangular ad that can either be placed at the top or bottom of your app screen
  • Interstitial: Video ads that are displayed at your app breakpoint or transition points

Now that you are familiar with AdMob and its available ads, let’s create a Firebase project to demonstrate AdMob in action.

Creating a Firebase app

Firebase is a fully functional backend technology that is used to build mobile and web applications. It is the go-to for building real time features such as push notifications, real time messaging, and real time databases.

I have chosen to build this tutorial with Firebase because of its support for AdMob out of the box. It is easier to integrate with fewer configurations.

We made a custom demo for .
No really. Click here to check it out.

Step 1

Visit https://firebase.google.com and click the Get started button. Within your console, click Add product, as seen in the screenshot below:

Screenshot of Firebase homepage after login

Step 2

Type in a preferred name for your project. For this tutorial, I am using React Native Admob. Click Continue to move to the next step:

Screenshot of name your project step in Firebase create a project flow

Step 3

Click Continue until you get to Step 3 of 3, then click on Create a project. Once your project is created you should see a screen like the one below:

Screenshot of successful admob project creation in Firebase

Step 4

To implement AdMob in Firebase, all you need to obtain from Firebase is GoogleService-Info.plist for iOS or google-services.json for Android.

You can do so by adding an iOS or Android file to the project you created in Step 1, as seen in the screenshot below:

Screenshot of Firebase add to ios page

Now that you’ve registered an iOS app and obtained the GoogleService-Info.plist, let’s proceed to set up an AdMob account so we can dive into building our first monetized mobile app with React Native.

Creating an AdMob account

To create and set up your AdMob account follow the simple steps below.

Step 1

Visit https://apps.admob.com, log in to your Google account to access AdMob, agree to the terms of service, and click create an AdMob account. Accept special offers and tips if you are interested, and click Continue. You should be redirected to a page similar to the screenshot below:

Screenshot of admob home page after login

Step 2

In the sidebar, click Apps (outlined in the screenshot below). If you have previously connected apps to your AdMob account, you should see them listed there. Otherwise, you’ll find a link to create a new app.

Screenshot of Admob create new app screen with App sidebar outlined

Step 3

Next, click on the ADD AD UNIT button to create a new ad unit. You need to set up an ad unit in order to display it on your app. Note that you will always need an ad unit ID to display ad units in different parts of your app. See the screenshot below:

Screenshot of Admob's create ad unit page

React Native App with AdMob

Before we proceed, let’s create a new React Native app, install the required dependency, and perform the necessary configurations.

In this tutorial, we will be using React Native Firebase to communicate with AdMob and display the ads.

First let’s initialize a new React Native app. Run the code below to get started:

npx react-native init ReactNativeAdmob

Next, install React Native Firebase with the code below:

npm install --save @react-native-firebase/app

Open Xcode and add the GoogleService-Info.plist you downloaded from Firebase to your iOS project.

Screenshot of React Native Admob project being added to Xcode

Then, we need to initialize Firebase to use our credential from AppDeligate.m. Open AppDelegate.m from your iOS folder and paste the code below at the top of the file to import the Firebase module:

#import <Firebase.h>

Paste the code below within the didFinishLaunchingWithOptions function to configure Firebase:

if ([FIRApp defaultApp] == nil) {
[FIRApp configure];
}

Rebuild the project with the command below:

cd ios/
pod install --repo-update
cd ..
npx react-native run-ios

Next, we need to install the Firebase AdMob dependency with the following code:

npm install @react-native-firebase/admob

Then, create firebase.json within the root directory of the React Native app, paste the code below to configure, and link your app to your AdMob account:

{
"react-native": {
"admob_android_app_id": "ca-app-pub-xxxxxxxx~xxxxxxxx",
"admob_ios_app_id": "ca-app-pub-xxxxxxxx~xxxxxxxx"
}
}

Replace the admob_android_app_id and admob_ios_app_id value with your appropriate app IDs.

Rebuild the app to apply the changes:

cd ios/ && pod install
npx react-native run-ios

Displaying AdMob ads in React Native App

We will be using the default test IDs shipped with the Firebase AdMob dependency because it is not advisable to use your app ID during development. Once your app is ready for production, you can replace the app ID.

Displaying banner ads

The Firebase AdMob dependency gives you access to an array of tags used to display different types of ads in React Native.

For a banner ad, we’ll be using the <Banner/> tag. To implement, paste the code below to get started:

import { TestIds, BannerAd, BannerAdSize} from '@react-native-firebase/admob';

<BannerAd
unitId={TestIds.BANNER}
size={BannerAdSize.SMART_BANNER}
requestOptions={{
requestNonPersonalizedAdsOnly: true,}}
onAdLoaded={() => {
console.log('Advert loaded');}}
onAdFailedToLoad={(error) => {
console.error('Advert failed to load: ', error);}}
/>

If you noticed, we used the TestIds.BANNER to inform the AdMob dependency that we want to use the test ID to implement the ad. We also log to the console when the ad loads using the onAdLoaded event handler.

Displaying interstitial ads

Interstitial ads are often triggered by events, and because they are full page ads, it’s okay to wrap them within an event or alongside a user’s triggered event.

To implement an interstitial ad, we need to import the <InterstitialAd/> class into our App.js:

import { InterstitialAd, TestIds, AdEventType} from '@react-native-firebase/admob';

...
showInterstitialAd = () => { 
interstitialAd.onAdEvent((type, error) => { 
if (type === AdEventType.LOADED) { 
interstitialAd.show(); 
}}); 
interstitialAd.load(); 
}

Since the interstitial ad takes time to load, it is advisable to call the .show() method within the .LOADED event. Note that you may risk a crash if you try to call the .show() method outside the .LOADED event.

Displaying reward ads

A reward ad is shown to your users in exchange for in-app rewards. It also takes a similar approach to the interstitial ad to implement:

import { TestIds, RewardedAd, RewardedAdEventType } from '@react-native-firebase/admob';
....
showRewardAd = () => { 
// Create a new instance 
const rewardAd = RewardedAd.createForAdRequest(TestIds.REWARDED); 
// Add event handlers 
rewardAd.onAdEvent((type, error) => { 
if (type === RewardedAdEventType.LOADED) { 
rewardAd.show();
} 

if (type === RewardedAdEventType.EARNED_REWARD) {
console.log('User earned reward of 3 stars'); 
Alert.alert( 'New Reward', 'You just earned a reward of 3 stars', [ {text: 'OK', onPress: () => console.log('OK Pressed')}, ], { cancelable: true } ) 
}}); 

// Load a new advert 
rewardAd.load(); 
}

Similarly, the reward ad also takes time to load, which is the reason why we call the .show() method within the RewardedAdEventType.LOADED handler. You can also use the .EARNED_REWARD to eventually give your user the promised in-app reward.

Conclusion

Whether you have a production-ready React Native app or your app is already deployed to the iOS or Android store with no previous monetization, AdMoetub can serve as the technology to bridge that gap.

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Emmanuel Etukudo I am a full-stack developer with more than five years of experience, with a preference for JavaScript, Node.js, Go, React, Redux, and MongoDB.

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